Khi trẻ em không phải là dân bản xứ thì trong vấn đề học writing cũng như speaking gặp khá khó khăn khi vốn từ vựng không có nhiều hoặc là không có idea ( ý tưởng) hoặc có idea nhưng không có từ để diễn đạt. Và cha mẹ thường không biết con mình học thế nào ở trường khi không có 1 giáo trình hay 1 cuốn sách nào nói về cách dạy và học ở các trường tiểu học UK.
Thực tế con mình đang gặp phải vấn đề này, qua tìm hiểu và tự rút ra kinh nghiệm trong việc hướng dẫn con thêm trong việc học writing.
How We Teach Reading, Phonics and Writing in Year 1
At this age, your child will start to become a more ‘independent’ reader, having preferences for types of books and making choices about what to read. Don’t worry if progress seems to plateau for a bit; they make such progress in the first year of school that to continue at that speed would mean they would be doing A levels before they leave Primary School! They need time to consolidate what they’ve learned and to start to apply their reading skills to their everyday lives.
1. More complex phonics
Children will still be learning letter sounds for reading and spelling, but these will become more complex. For example, they will look at the same sounds but with different spelling patterns, such as long vowel sounds, e.g. ai, ay, a-e. It’s valuable to help them with these sounds at home when you are reading together and reinforce the letter sounds from the previous year so that children start to automatically apply their phonic skills when reading unfamiliar words.
2. Tricky words
Children are also expected to recognise some tricky words by sight. They will continue to build up a bank of tricky sight vocabulary and we will continue to send home lists of these words so that they learn them off by heart.
3. Levelled reading books
Your child will continue to bring books home from a selection of schemes. These books will be colour coded in boxes so that your child can choose a book at the right level of difficulty to ensure the appropriate level of challenge and success. It’s vital that you hear your child read to you and to talk about the book – with praise of course!
4. Wider reading skills
In addition to reading a wide variety of texts of all kinds, your child will be developing comprehension skills, understand the sequence of a story (the beginning, middle and end), use story language (once upon a time...), identify main events and characters in stories, and find specific information in simple texts.
5. The teaching and practice of reading
Your child will continue to be taught to read through shared reading and guided reading as well as individual reading practice.
6. Still time for fun and games
Language and reading games of all kinds can still be used to reinforce your child’s reading skills and may focus on reading, vocabulary, spelling and punctuation. Learning is still most effective when it is active so role play, drama and outdoor learning in the local community will feature strongly.
7. Linking reading to writing
Children at this age will be expected to identify and use capital letters and full stops, write simple sentences independently, use story language and to use interesting words! So keep talking to your child so that he or she has a brilliant bank of words to choose from.
Your child will be using phonic skills to spell unfamiliar words and to spell common and tricky words too. We will start spelling ‘tests’ and you will be expected to practise these with your child at home – use board games and online games to make it fun!
Assessment is still continuous and informal to track your child’s progress and to inform the teacher’s planning. In England, a short phonic reading check is planned at age six to make sure that the essential phonic skills are in place.
10. Keeping in touch
It is still important to stay in touch with your child’s teacher through reading diaries, informal appointments and parents’ evenings. However, if you have concerns about your child’s progress then it is always best to see the teacher as soon as you can.