Tuesday, 8 January 2019

New technologies have changed the way children spend their free time: advantages and disadvantages

New technologies have changed the way children spending their free time. Do the advantages and outweigh the disadvantages?

Model Essay

Sample 1

Currently, it is true that the way children spend their leisure time has been changed by modern technology. While this has several benefits, I believe that the drawbacks far outweigh them.

On the one hand, there are some advantages of children spending their spare time on advanced technologies. Firstly, many children tend to enjoy playing computer games, and such games might help improve their cognitive development. For example, strategic games require players to be good at problem-solving and be able to deal with unexpected situations, so children who play these games can better their logical thinking and problem-solving skills. Secondly, since the free source of online information is huge and readily available, young people might benefit from early exposure to the Internet. If people are able to browse the Internet at a young age, they can start their learning process earlier and as a result, can advance their knowledge as they grow up.

However, I would argue that the advantages discussed above are outweighed by the disadvantages. One main drawback is that children who enjoy spending time in front of the computer screen are often reluctant to do exercise. Low physical activity levels are likely to result in children becoming overweight, and in turn, they would end up being obese. In addition, some games tempt people to continue playing for hours, which could lead to gaming addiction. In role-playing games, for instance, people might need to stay in front of the computer for several hours in order to progress to higher levels, and therefore children spend an excessive amount of time on games.

In conclusion, while there are some advantages of children spending time on advanced technologies, it seems to me that the disadvantages are more significant.
Source: IELTS Writing Task 2 Topic in 2018 - Technology with Model Essay

Friday, 4 January 2019

IELTS Vocabulary: Food

On this page, you can find very useful IELTS speaking vocabulary for Food topic. By learning these vocabularies and using it to answer various questions about Food on the Speaking test, you will achieve a high score.

Common vocabularies

  1. dine in: dine at home
    We're dining in tonight.
  2. dine out: dine at a restaurant
    We're dining out tonight.
  3. fussy eater: someone who is very picky about the food and doesn't eat everything.
    My husband is a fussy eater, and he's never pleased with my cooking.
  4. home-cooked food: food cooked at home, usually implies that food is healthy.
    Preparing home-cooked food is a good way to make a balanced meal.
  5. in a walking distance of: close to
    I usually dine out at a restaurant that's in the walking distance of my house.
  6. Italian cuisine: traditional Italian food. You can also say French cuisine, Russian cuisine, Vietnamese cuisine and so on.
    I adore pasta, pizza and Italian cuisine in general.
  7. more of a chore than a pleasure: something you do rather unwillingly
    I think that cooking is more of a chore than a pleasure.
  8. mouth-watering: delicious, appetising
  9. my mouth is watering: that is to say you find something very appetising. People use this expression when they see/smell food that looks very delicious.
    My mouth is watering every time I think about my grandmother's apple pie.
  10. nutritious products: products rich in calories
    A nutritious breakfast is a great way to start the day, as it gives your body the nutrients and you get enough energy.
  11. processed food: food that has been modified in an undesirable or unhealthy way to achieve its current state.
    Try to avoid processed foods like flavoured nuts and cereal bars. It is much healthier to eat organic food. 

Expressions with food



  1. IELTS Food Vocabulary
  2. IELTS Speaking vocabulary: Food topic - IELTS-up

Wednesday, 2 January 2019

eTalks - The Secrets of Food Marketing

This video is actually useful for practising the listening skill. It includes the subtitle which helps us follow the talk better. It is also introduced in the programme's Facebook page. Here you are. https://www.facebook.com/farm.animals/videos/10155675032856485/

Monday, 31 December 2018

IELTS Vocabulary: Health

Enjoy good health: có một sức khỏe tốt
People who exercise often enjoy good health.
Reduce your stress levels: Giải tỏa căng thẳng
You should go away somewhere to reduce your stress levels.
Build up a good strength: Xây dựng một sức mạnh tốt
You should play sports to build up good strength.
Do plenty of exercises: tập thể dục nhiều
He is strong because he does plenty of exercises.
Gentle exercise: tập thể dục nhẹ nhàng
My father keeps fit just by having some gentle exercise every day.
Build up resistance to diseases: xây dựng sức đề kháng với bệnh tật.
Taking in enough nutrition helps you build up resistance to diseases.
Go on a diet: tuân theo một chế độ ăn uống
Those who are overweight are advised to go on a diet.
Make a full recovery: hồi phục hoàn toàn
He made a full recovery in just three days after the accident.
A course of medication: khóa học (y) dược
As health problems get more and more sophisticated, more and more people decided to take on a course of medication.
Side effects: tác dụng phụ
People using antibiotics should be well aware of their side effects.
Adverse reactions: phản ứng tiêu cực
Overdosing of medicine will bring adverse reactions.
Consult a doctor: tham khảo ý kiến bác sĩ
I think it's high time you consulted a doctor.
Be in poor health in months/years: sức khỏe kém trong nhiều tháng/năm
He passed away after being in poor health in years.
Face health problems: Đối mặt với những vấn đề về sức khỏe
If you keep living this way, you will soon face a lot of health problems.

Suffer from serious (eye/hear/...) diseases: mắc những bệnh nghiêm trọng về mắt, tim,...
The sedentary lifestyle of ours makes us more and more likely to suffer from heart diseases.
Speaking practice: HEALTH
- Health: sức khỏe
- Healthy lifestyle: sống khỏe, lối sống lành mạnh
- Healthy: khỏe
Eg: In our daily life, we need a healthy lifestyle so that we can be very strong and healthy.
Can chỉ đọc là /cờn/
- Do exercise: tập thể dục /e/
- Regularly: thường xuyên
Eg: Tôi thường xuyên luyện tập thể dục để nâng cao sức khỏe của mình
I regularly do exercise in order to im’prove my health
- Improve: nâng cao
- Âm s/es có 3 cách đọc
Watches /iz/, maps /s/, beans /z/
- In order to + V = to V = so as to V: để làm gì
- Cold: bệnh cảm lạnh ~ common cold: cảm lạnh thường
- Fever: bị sốt
- Have a bad cough: bị ho
- Have a flu: bị cúm
- Ma’laria: sốt rét
- Sore throat: viêm họng
Eg: I’ve got sore throat: tôi bị viêm họng
- Stomachache: đau dạ dày (n)
Eg: Bố tôi bị bệnh đau dạ dày đã 15 năm rồi.
Hiện tại hoàn thành
My father has got/ has suffered from stomachache for 15 years.
- Have sore eyes: bị đau mắt
- Suffer: chịu đựng/trải qua (bệnh tật/nỗi đau)
- Have pain in….
Eg: I have pain in my arms: bị đau tay
- Have an operation: có ca mổ
- Operate: mổ
- Broken legs: bị gãy chân
Eg: ngày hôm qua, Jim đang chơi bóng đá thì bị gãy chân. Sáng nay, anh ấy đã được mổ trong bệnh viện
Yesterday, Jim was playing football when he broke his legs. This morning, he was operated in hospital
Yesterday, Jim’s legs were broken while he was playing football. This morning, he was operated in hospital
Yesterday, when playing football, Jim broke his legs. This morning, he was operated in hospital
- Be short-sighted: cận thị
- Be far-sighted: viễn thị
- Heart disease: bệnh về tim
- Heart attack: trụy tim
- Disorder: rối loạn
- Eating disorder: rối loạn ăn uống
Eg: Vì cô ấy nhịn ăn để giảm cân nên cô ấy mắc chứng rối loạn ăn uống
Because she skipped meals/starved herself to lose weight, she had eating disorder
- Skip meals: bỏ bữa
- Starve herself: bỏ đói bản thân
- Lose weight >< put on weight: giảm >< tăng cân
- Have a checkup: đi khám bệnh
- Have a monthly/annual checkup: khám bệnh hàng tháng/năm
- Cure: chữa bệnh
- Diag’nose: chẩn đoán bệnh
Eg: thông thường, tôi đi khám bệnh hàng năm để được bác sĩ chẩn đoán về sức khỏe.
Normally/often/regularly, I have annual checkups for my health to be diagnosed by doctors.
- Heal = recover: hồi phục
- Be hospitalized: nằm viện
Eg: I need to be hospitalized to be cured (đc chữa trị)

Sunday, 30 December 2018

Những cách nói khác thay cho Do you understand?

Trong giao tiếp, có lúc, bạn phải ngắt lời người khác hoặc tạm dừng câu chuyện để xác minh xem người đối diện đã hiểu hết nội dung hay chú ý lắng nghe không. Bên cạnh câu "Do you understand", những cách nói dưới đây cũng giúp bạn diễn đạt được nội dung này.

- Do you know what I mean? (Bạn hiểu ý tôi chứ?)

- Do you know what I’m talking about? (Bạn biết tôi đang nói gì chứ?)

- Does that make any sense? (Điều tôi vừa nói có ý nghĩa gì với bạn không ?)

- Do you see what I mean? (Bạn có hiểu ý tôi không?)

- Am I making any sense ? (Tôi nói bạn có hiểu không?)

- Are you following me? (Bạn vẫn theo kịp ý tôi chứ?)

- Do you get the message? /Do you get the picture? (Bạn có hiểu đại ý không?)

- Do you get it? / Get it ? (Hiểu chứ)

- Dig? (từ lóng) = Understand? (Hiểu chứ - tiếng lóng)

- Do you hear what I’m saying?  (Bạn vẫn đang nghe lời tôi nói chứ?)

Nếu biết thêm những cách nói khác thay cho câu "Do you understand me", bạn có thể bình luận cuối bài để chia sẻ cùng những độc giả khác.
Thích cái comment đầu tiên:
Mình học Communication Studies ở University of Washington. Mình đã làm một nghiên cứu cùng giáo sư, địa điểm nghiên cứu là Tutoring Service (gia sư) trong trường. Mỗi gia sư được yêu cầu sử dụng các cách hỏi để cho câu trả lời là yes/ no như "Do you understand me?", "Got that?", "Do you know what I mean?" ... Cách hỏi thứ hai là hỏi ý kiến, cảm nhận, thay vì yes/no như "How does that sound?", "Does that sound good?", "How do you like that?" .... Kết quả là học sinh cảm thấy thoải mái, hài lòng hơn với những câu hỏi về ý kiến và cảm nhận. Nhiều học sinh cho rằng khi trả lời các câu hỏi như "Do you know what I mean?", họ cảm thấy không thoải mái. Kết luận, theo đánh giá của học sinh, những câu hỏi như "How does that sound?" ... có ý nghĩa và hiệu quả hơn.

[1] https://vnexpress.net/tin-tuc/giao-duc/hoc-tieng-anh/10-cach-noi-thay-cho-do-you-understand-3347132.html
[2] https://www.facebook.com/Moingay4tuvungtienganh/posts/1586298898073682?__xts__%5B0%5D=68.ARB16MDxFD5kIqDxBgF-a6nFDyZzln3b0sWVKaqrTx5S5jg4VynX0hoLbOACFHE2IoRgeZNU5C5Sn1nLl-jjfnyICGpuiBIKwI4dNZmbVWOrWWu-gaPG-_oVEK-Gszl2CShNA2E-5-tUdtmIrNvMN_--GGSKrC5wV5ebmeAOkzOH4se1OYS15azZ5mhuXf8Ij8TBBVPWUOa32tYVjFT_pGLxMzkcMOOrP8ErkvSvKGBZaVRV4jDL8zuqnQWdx-FQgUBRGm6-3rZDz4J_m6xicw4PZcC3vaXFkhEFe_Yg-CrNIuA1gF-KwLqKAz6M4loUuZ9VoN-h4Kwk4cpwkPZz&__tn__=C-R

Quote of the day #116

Patience is not the ability to wait but how you act while you're waiting.
Sự kiên nhẫn không phải là khả năng đợi chờ mà là cách bạn hành động trong lúc bạn đang đợi.


IELTS Vocabulary: Rain

1. Sunshower (n): mưa bóng mây
Example: I got wet because of the sunshower, though the sky was still shine.
2. Scatter/ Sprinkle (n): mưa lất phất (mưa trong phạm vi nhỏ, không làm mình bị ướt)
Example: It is scattering / sprinkling sometimes over there
2. Drizzle (n): mưa phùn
Example: Though dimmed by the fog and drizzle, its glare
revealed the entrance 200 yd.
3. Hail (n): mưa đá
Example: I had hail damage to my car as well.
4. Gentle rain (n): mưa nhẹ
Example: A single gentle rain makes the grass many shades
5. To be drenched to the skin: ướt sũng
Example: I was drenched to the skin because I forgot to bring
my umbrella along.
6. Downpour (n): mưa nặng hạt
Example: For the past six hours the downpour had been continuous and torrential.
7. Một số cách diễn đạt khác cho "Mưa lớn và nặng hạt"
+ It is coming down in torrent.
+ It is raining cats and dogs.
+ It is pissing down.
+ It is tearing down.
8. Các trạng từ kết hợp với "Rain" để diễn tả "Mưa to nhiều và nặng hạt"
Example: Black clouds are covering the whole sky, it must be going to rain heavily/torrentially/hard.

In English talking about the weather is the most common thing. At times we wake up with heavy rainfall or sometimes its just light rain. So, let’s have look at the phrases used to talk about rain.
Drizzle – Light rain, fine rain drops
Example – We can just quickly get to the subway as it’s just drizzling.

Downpour – A heavy rainfall.
Example – This incessant downpour is driving me crazy.

Bucketing Down – Heavy Rains
Example – I think you should stay back as it’s bucketing down.

Torrential Rain – Heavy Rains ( Commonly used by the media)
Example – The city experiences torrential rain last evening.

Scattered Showers – On and off rain for short periods throughout the day. (Commonly used by the weather forecast department)
Example – The city will experience scattered showers throughout the day tomorrow.

Raining cats and dogs – To rain heavily (Idiom)
Example – I didn’t go for my class as it was raining cats and dogs.

Flood – Overflow of a large amount of water

Damp – to be slightly wet

Drenched – Fully wet

Soaked – Fully wet

A clap of thunder – Rumbling sound of the clouds in the sky.

A bolt of lightning – A flash of light in the sky.

IELTS Speaking Part 1: 'rain' topic

Here are some part 1 questions that a student sent me. I haven't seen this topic before, so it's a good one for us to practise.
1) Do you like rain? Why / why not?
2) Do you think that rain affects people's mood?
3) Does it often rain where you live?
4) Have you ever been caught in the rain without a coat or umbrella?
Can you give a short, simple, direct answer with a reason for each question, without making any mistakes?

Tham khảo

How to end the conversation in the most polite way

You are worrying about how to end a conversation, right? Here are tips and tricks shared here for you to do so. Let's work them out immediately.

Distinction between some kinds of aminals

I had found a useful Facebook post where we can see the difference between species. Here we are.

Những cách nói thay thế cho You're welcome


Để đáp lại lời cảm ơn, bạn có nhiều cách nói ngoài "you're welcome" (không có gì). 

Những cách diễn đạt dưới đây thường được sử dụng trong giao tiếp tiếng Anh khi có người nói cảm ơn bạn.
1. It's my pleasure/ My pleasure
Câu nói này mang ý nghĩa tích cực, "đó là niềm vinh dự của tôi". Nửa thân mật nửa trang trọng, nó có thể được sử dụng an toàn trong hầu hết tình huống. 
2. No stress/ No problem/ No worries
Những câu trả lời này được sử dụng tốt nhất với bạn bè, người đồng trang lứa hoặc chức vụ tương đương. "No stress"/ "No problem"/" No worries" có thể dùng hoán đổi, với nghĩa "đừng bận tâm", "không vấn đề gì".
Ảnh minh họa: Memecrunch
3. Don't mention it
Nghĩa đen "đừng nhắc đến nó" có thể khiến câu trả lời này có vẻ kỳ quặc hoặc thô lỗ, nhưng đây là cách diễn đạt phổ biến trong các tình huống thân mật. Về bản chất, nó có nghĩa nhắc người kia không cần cảm ơn. 
4. I'm happy to help/ Happy to help
Một cách nói khác được sử dụng trong cả tình huống trang trọng lẫn thân mật là "I'm happy to help" (Tôi rất vui lòng/ sẵn lòng giúp đỡ bạn). Điều này khiến người cảm ơn không áy náy vì sự giúp đỡ của bạn. Lịch sự hơn, bạn có thể nói "happy to be of service" với nghĩa tương tự. 
5. Sure thing/ Sure
Đây là cách nói ngắn gọn để thay thế "you're welcome". 
Trong tình huống khác, bạn có thể dùng "sure" thay cho "yes" khi được yêu cầu sự cho phép và thay cho "for sure" khi hoàn toàn đồng ý với việc gì đó. 
Cuối cùng, điều quan trọng cần ghi nhớ khi đáp lại lời cảm ơn là giọng điệu. Sử dụng giọng điệu lên xuống thích hợp sẽ khiến người kia cảm nhận được sự chân thành. 

Thùy Linh - OEA