Sunday, 14 October 2018

Quote of the day #115

Be patient. Sometimes you have to go through the worst to get the best.
Hãy kiên trì. Đôi khi bạn phải trải qua hết điều tồi tệ nhất để đạt được điều tốt đẹp nhất.

Sunday, 22 April 2018

Working with the bank

Please bring the information selected below to your appointment to ensure you get the most out of it as possible
  • One item confirming address (e.g. utility bill, bank statement, council tax bill)
  • One item confirming identity (e.g. Passport, Driving Licence)
  • National Insurance Number (can be found on P60, payslip, pension or DWP document)
  • Existing car and home insurance policies 
  • Existing mortgage details (can be found on the most recent annual statement from your Mortgage Provider)
  • Existing Life Assurance and Payment Protection Policies
  • Details of savings and investments
  • Proof of income and commitments (e.g. most recent bank statements, payslips)
  • Proof of existing borrowing - loans, credit cards statements
  • Proof of any Non-NatWest bank account details (most recent statements)
  • Proof of latest Business bank statements audited accounts or tax assessments
  • Existing Debit Card or Old Account Details

A common way of paying for something here in Australia is to tap your card on a machine. This is sometimes referred to as 'tap and go'. Check out this video for more words related to making a payment. Please check out the video:

Thursday, 15 March 2018

Energy Idioms

1. Bright spark: an intelligent person dùng cho những người nhanh trí hay dí dỏm hay mang nghĩa châm biếm, chế nhạo kẻ làm điều khờ khạo hay thiếu cân nhắc
  • She fixed my computer. She's such a bright spark
  • Some bright spark has locked the keys inside the house
  • Robert's a bright spark - he'll know the capital of Mongolia.
2. Full of bean: has a lot of energy, dồi dào năng lượng
  • John was full of energy when he visited his grandmother. The old man did everything to please the boy.
  • Tony's full of energy this morning
3. Take/carry coal to Newcastle: supply something where it is not needed, chở củi về rừng
  • Do you really think we can sell our cars in Japan? It's like taking coals to Newcastle
4. let off steam: release (nervous) energy, xả hơi, làm gì đó để bạn hết nóng giận
  • After a tough day at work in the office, Ruth loves to let off steam.
  • I'm going to listen to instrumental music to let off steam
5. Full steam ahead: time to go at top speed, đang làm việc gì đó đầy năng lượng, nhiệt huyết, đầy quyết tâm
  • We must get this project finished before the presentation tomorrow. Come on, full steam ahead, team. Nathan went full steam ahead with the plan of her wedding.
  • There are six months before my IELTS test, it's full steam ahead.
6. burn the midnight oil: working late at night, đốt đèn đêm khuya
  • Some people burn the midnight oil because they just don't sleep enough to turn out the lights.
  • Tung has been burning the midnight oil for the last two weeks.
7. add fuel to the fire: making a bad situation worse, đổ thêm dầu vào lửa
  • Tony is already in the bad mood. Don't tell him about the broken photocopier right now. That will just be adding fuel to the fire.
  • Amanda was upset about her new haircut. I said it made her look like her mum, but that just added fuel to the fire and she cried even more.

Monday, 19 February 2018

IELTS Speaking Tips

Qua nhiều nguồn tài liệu khác nhau, chúng tôi muốn gom lại đây những mẹo dành riêng cho bài thi nói IELTS.

Keep talking

Speaks at length without noticeable effort or loss of coherence.

In IELTS Speaking, your score goes up when you say more, even if that results in more errors. That’s because IELTS is a test of what you CAN do, not what you can’t. So say as much as you can in response to the question until you run out of ideas or start repeating yourself. It’s not a bad thing if the examiner has to interrupt you.
Example: You know, I wouldn't usually reveal so much to a stranger I've only just met, but, well, you are such a good listener and I feel like I could go on for hours, or at least another fifteen minutes...

Use an idiom or two

Uses some less common and idiomatic vocabulary and shows some awareness of style and collocation

The IELTS examiner is listening for evidence that you can go beyond ‘textbook English’ and start using real, idiomatic English. So impress the examiner by including a few idiomatic phrases like “I’m a bundle of nerves” to mean “I’m nervous”.Example:
I am a bundle of nerves = I am very nervous
I'm cool as a cucumber = I'm not at all nervous.
I'm a bundle of cucumbers = No meaning. Epic fail.

Paraphrase the question

Uses paraphrase effectively

If the examiner asks you a question and you can immediately think of a way to paraphrase it—i.e. express the same meaning in other words—go ahead and say something like “Oh, you mean (paraphrase question)?” This is a very effective strategy to demonstrate one of the core skills that the examiner is listening for. Try to do this two or three times during the test.
Q: Do you like cucumbers?
A: Do you mean those long, green, oddly-shaped vegetables? To be honest, I've never really liked them.

Courtesy of

Use linking words to connect your ideas

Uses a range of connectives and discourse markers with some flexibility.

What does this mean in normal English? It means that you use a range of expressions like ‘in other words’, ‘also’, ‘however’ and ‘on the other hand’ to connect your ideas. The key word is a range. The examiner doesn’t want to hear you say ‘on the other hand’ a hundred times! So record yourself speaking and notice if you use a phrase like ‘on the other hand’ too much. If so, use a different phrase instead. Now you can start demonstrating a good range of linking words.
On the one hand I'd like a job that pays more, but on the other hand, I enjoy the work I'm doing at the moment. In fact, the more you are passionate about your job the more you are paid.

Don't be afraid of mistakes

Frequently produces error-free sentences, though some grammatical mistakes persist

That means it’s possible to make some mistakes and still get IELTS 7.0 or 7.5. However, some candidates score poorly because they worry too much about mistakes. As a result, they speak too slowly and their mistakes become MORE obvious! It’s more important to demonstrate fluency (See Tip #1) than it is to produce error-free speech. Of course, it’s also good to correct yourself if you do notice a mistake.
You can get IELTS 6 with frequent mistakes.
You can get IELTS 7 with some mistakes.
You can get IELTS 8 with very few mistakes.

Tuesday, 13 February 2018

IELTS Business Vocabulary

Part 1 - Style questions
Examiner: Do you work or are you student?
Student: I run my own business actually... I have an online business selling cosmetics... I set up the business 5 years ago and I'm into working for myself.

  • to run your own business: tự kinh doanh
  • to set up a business: bắt đầu kinh doanh
  • to work for yourself: làm tư, làm riêng

Examiner: What is your ideal job?
Student: I don't think I would enjoy working for a big company... I think/believe I would like to go it alone and be self-employed... I'm not quite sure what area of business it would be but I think I'd enjoy the process of drawing up a business plan and seeing if I could be successful...

  • to draw up a business plan: lên kế hoạch kinh doanh
  • to be self-employed: tự làm chủ, tự kinh doanh
  • to go it alone: tự kinh doanh
Examiner: Is your town a nice place to live?
Student: It's okay... the main problem we have is our local high street... it used to be a busy centre but lots of shops have gone bust... it must be very difficult to make a profit when you have huge supermarkets in the area and a lot haven't been able to survive with such cut throat competition...
  • to go bust: buộc phải đóng cửa (đi bụi)
  • to make a profit: có lợi nhuận, làm lợi
  • to cut throat competition: cạnh tranh bằng cách giảm giá xuống mức thấp khiến đối thủ cũng phải giảm, đôi khi ở mức không còn lãi.
Part 2 - Style tasks
Describe a business you know that you admire. You should say
what this business is
what the business sells
how long you have known about the business
and say why you like it so much.
Student: Actually I discovered a business very recently that I like so much I'd like to do something similar in the future... it's a small niche business that runs courses in how to cook... especially bread... the owner uses his kitchen for the courses and went into business with a local community shop and sells a lot of the bread and cakes they make in the shop... I first go to hear about the business last year... my wife paid for me to do one of the baking courses and I got to know the owner during the training... it's a lifestyle business really... he doesn't have plans to take on employees or expand into new areas... he's happy earning a living doing the thing he loves... I really admire what he does and I'm sure a lot of people would to do something similar... he has a web presence... in fact that's how we got to find out about his company... and he uses social media to raise the company profile... but he's the only person involved in running the business so he's in complete control of where the business goes... that's something that must make it really satisfying... as long as he's managing to balance the books and the cash flow is healthy I'm sure he must be very pleased with what he has achieved.
  • to go into business with: tham gia kinh doanh cùng
  • niche business: kinh doanh những mặt hàng nhỏ, độc, chỉ có ở một thị trường nhất định
  • lifestyle business: kinh doanh cá thể
  • to take on employees: thuê nhân viên
  • to earn a living: kiếm tiền
  • to have a web presence: có website để giới thiệu sản phẩm
  • cash flow: dòng tiền
  • to raise a company profile: tạo thương hiệu công ty
  • to balance the books: không dùng nhiều tiền hơn số tiền kiếm được
Part 3 - Style questions
Examiner: Why do some people decide to set up their own business?
Student: I suppose it's the idea of being in control of your own destiny... or of believing in a product or service idea you may have... plus it must be very exciting... launching products... winning contracts... and seeing your sales figures improving must be wonderful.
  • to win a contract: giành được hợp đồng
  • to launch a product: giới thiệu sản phẩm mới
  • sales figures: báo cáo doanh số
Examiner: What are some of the dangers involved in starting a business?
Student: Well... obviously you need to have a good idea... some people say you need to do market research beforehand so you know what the market wants... if you don't do this you could go under... and if it is a good idea the chances are someone else is doing the same thing so you could end up facing stiff competition...
  • to go under: buộc phải đóng cửa
  • to do market research: làm nghiên cứu thị trường
  • stiff competition: đối thủ mạnh
Examiner: What are some of things you have to do when running your own business that might not appeal to everyone?
Student: Personally I don't like being in debt so taking out a business loan wouldn't suit me at all... and I know a lot of companies do cold calling to try and drum up business... that's something I would hate to do... and laying people off if the business gets in trouble... that would be horrible.
  • to take out a loan: vay tiền
  • to lay someone off: cho thôi việc
  • to cold call: cuộc gọi bán hàng không được báo trước
  • to drum up business: câu khách

Monday, 12 February 2018

Some commonly used collocations could be exchanged

Để paraphrasing tốt, nhớ các từ/cụm từ đồng nghĩa là một trong những kĩ năng cần thiết. Trong bài này, tôi muốn giới thiệu các bạn một số từ/cụm từ thường dùng thay thế nhau trong nhiều tình huống để làm cho bài viết đỡ lặp lại.

Prior to = Before

Trước khi nào, lúc nào; Sớm hơn khi nào, lúc nào
Please arrive at the airport 2 hours prior to your flight departure.
Vui lòng đến sân bay 2 giờ trước khi chuyến bay của bạn cất cánh.

In favour of

Tán thành, ủng hộ
The majority was in favour of the new proposal.
Phần đông tán thành đề xuất mới.

On account of = Because of

Bởi vì
The game was delayed on account of the rain.
Trận đấu bị hoãn do mưa.

In charge of = Be responsible for

chịu trách nhiệm/phụ trách
Mr Sheriff is in charge of Project Coordination.
Ông Sheriff phụ trách việc điều phối dự án.

By means of

Bằng cách
She tried to explain by means of sign language.
Cô ấy đã cố giải thích bằng cách dùng ngôn ngữ kí hiệu.

Be at stake = be in danger = be in dangerous condition

Gặp nguy hiểm
Thousands of people will be at stake if emergency aid does not arrive soon.
Hàng ngàn người sẽ gặp nguy hiểm nếu đội cứu trợ không đến sớm.

Be concerned about

Lo lắng về vấn đề gì
I am a bit concerned about the limited time for this project.
Tôi hơi lo lắng về thời gian hạn hẹp đối với dự án này.

Take sth into consideration = Take sth into account = Pay attention to = Bear in mind

quan tâm, chú ý đến cái gì
When choosing a supplier, we should take price into consideration.
Khi chọn một nhà cung cấp, chúng ta nên lưu ý đến giá cả.

Demand for

Nhu cầu cho sản phẩm gì
There's no demand for this product nowadays.
Ngày nay không còn nhu cầu về sản phẩm đó.

Take advantage of something

Tận dụng/lợi dụng cái gì
We should take advantage of flexible schedule on LSF to launch our jobs sooner.
Chúng nên tận dụng việc lập lịch uyển chuyển trên LSF để khởi động các công việc sớm hơn.

Sunday, 11 February 2018

Political Words

Trang này thu gom những thuật ngữ liên quan đến chính trị. Khi thảo luận về những chủ đề liên quan đến chính trị, bạn cần phải biết một số thuật ngữ chuyên môn để bạn có đủ tự tin vào phần nói của mình.

expel: Trục xuất

expel: trục xuất, đuổi, tống ra
to be expelled from the school: bị đuổi khỏi trường
President Obama expels 35 Russia diplomats in Cold War deja vu.
kick out: (informal) to make someone go or leave; get rid of; dismiss
Bài tiếng Anh: 

cyber-attack: gián điệp


phê chuẩn; thừa nhận; sắc lệnh; hình phạt
vừa là danh, động từ


hiến pháp


hành pháp (thực thi pháp luật, tổ chức hành pháp, chấp hành)


lập pháp (xây dựng hiến pháp, pháp luật, làm luật, lập pháp)


tòa án, quan tòa

American government and politics

The USA was formed a little more than 230 years ago, but its constitution - the document that describes the basic principles of how the country will be run - is the oldest written constitution still in use. It has lasted such a long time because it has ensured a stable government and a good life for most Americans.

Power from the people
Quyền lực từ nhân dân

According to the constitution, the power is held by the people of America. It states clearly what powers the government has, which include the authority to collect taxes, to maintain the armed forces and to carry on trade with other countries. The constitution also limits the power of the government by granting American citizens certain rights. For example, the government cannot tell people what religion they must follow or punish people for what they say or write publicly.
Courtesy of
The White House has become a global symbol of democracy.
The White House is the home and official workplace of the US president. It is situated in Washington, DC, and was built between 1792 and 1800. Not far from the White House is the United States Capitol, which is where Congress - the Senate and the House Representatives - meet.

Federal system
Hệ thống/chế độ liên bang

The USA has a federal system of government. This means that the country is made up of separate states united under the federal, or national, government. Each state can make its own laws on matters such as education or punishments for crimes, but state laws cannot conflict with laws passed by the federal government - and all laws must follow the rules of the constitution.
Courtesy of
The United States Congress is jointly made up of the House Representatives and the Senate. The men and women of Congress are elected by the people in their home state.

Three branches of government
Ba nhánh của chính phủ

The US government is made up of three branches: executive, legislative and judicial. The president of the USA is the leader of the executive branch, which carries out the laws. Two groups of lawmakers - the House Representatives and the Senate - make up the legislative branch. They write and pass new laws. The judicial branch is made up of courts led by judges. The judicial branch settles disagreements about laws. It also decides whether laws passed by the House and Representatives and Senate follow the rules of the US constitution. Each branch of the government can undo actions by the other branches, which makes sure that no one branch can grow too powerful.

Wednesday, 31 January 2018


Part 1: style questions
Examiner: Do you see your friends very often?
Answer: Yes, we meet up most weekends...we all get on really well and have  a lot in common so we're always happy doing the same thing and going to the same places.

Examiner: What do you like about your close friend?
Answer: I think we enjoy each other's company...we see eye -to -eye on most things so we rarely fall out with each other.

Examiner: Have you known each other long?
Answer: most of them..yes...although my closet friend May ...we struck of a relationship at college and got on like a house on fire.. but other relationships go back years to when we were at school.
Part 2: Task
describe a person you are very close to. you should say:
  • who this person is
  • when you meet them
  • where you meet them
and say what it is about them you like so much
i'd like to talk about my boyfriends... Joe, we got to know each other at university almost 4 years ago...we were in the same department...initially we were just good friends and used to go out in a groups with our other friends...when Jose went back to Spain for the holidays, we would keep in touch each other... then one year Joe invited me to come to Spain with him...that's when we fell for each other I think... so you couldn't really say it was love at first sight as it had been over one year since we'd met...but we really hit it off and by the time we got back to university in September we were able to tell all our friends that we were in a relationship... what I like Joe...he's very kind...very funny ..and very supportive... and we've really well matched in our interests ...  he hasn't popped the question yet though...but we've talked about getting married and I think we've both ready to settle down and have children...we'll just have to wait and see...
Part 3: Style questions
examiner: do you think marriage still as important as ever?
answer: certainly is in my country... I think the problem for some people is a lack of commitment ..all relationships have their ups and downs but some people prefer to break up rather than working at the relationship.

examiner: what do you think  is the ideal time to get married?
answer:  Personally... I think you should wait until you've found yourself first...decided if you want a career... perhaps do some travelling should do this tying the knot...although if you fall head over heels in love plans like these can easily be forgotten.

examiner: is it important to keep in contact with our friends when we're in a relationship?
answer: absolutely's so easy to drift apart from your friends when you fall in love..but I think both partners should try not lose touch with their friends..that's the best way to have to a healthy relationship with your partner.


  1. to get on really well with: to understand someone and enjoy similar interests hòa thuận, hiểu nhau, có mối quan hệ tốt với ai đó.
  2. to have a lot in common: to share similar interests có nhiều điểm chung
  3. to enjoy someone's company: to like spending time with someone: thật sự vui khi ở bên nhau, sung sướng, rất thích ở cùng nhau.
  4. to see eye-to-eye: to agree on a subject: đồng ý với nhau, có cùng quan điểm.
  5. to fall out with: to have a disagreement and stop being friends. bất đồng ý kiến, có mối quan hệ xấu
  6. to strike up relationship: to begin a friendship, bắt đầu một mối quan hệ
  7. to get on like a house on fire: to like someone's company very much indeed, có mối quan hệ tốt với ai đó.
  8. go back years: to have known someone for a long time., biết một người nào đó trong một thời gian dài
  9. to get to know: to begin to know someone, bắt đầu quen biết ai đó
  10. to be just good friend: to be not romantically involved, chỉ là những người bạn tốt
  11. to fall for: fall in love, có cảm tình với ai đó
  12. to hit it off: quickly become good friends with, nhanh chóng trở thành bạn tốt
  13. to be in a relationship: to be romantically involved with someone, trong mối quan hệ yêu đương với ai đó
  14. to be well matched: to be similar to hợp nhau
  15. to be pop the question: to ask someone to marry you cầu hôn
  16. to be settle down: to give up the single life and start a family, lập gia đình
  17. to have ups and downs: to have good and bad times: những khoảng thời gian tốt, xấu, thăng trầm
  18. to break up: to end romantic relationship, ly dị
  19. to working at the relationship: to try a maintain a positive relationship with someone, cố gắng duy trì mối quan hệ với ai đó
  20. to tie the knot: to get married, kết hôn
  21. to fall head over heels in love: to start to love someone a lot, say như điếu đổ, yêu say đắm
  22. to drift apart: to become less close to someone mất dần tình bạn với ai đó, không còn liên lạc
  23. to lose touch with: to not see or hear from someone any longer, mất liên lạc
  24. a healthy relationship: a good, positive relationship, một mối quan hệ tốt

Wednesday, 17 January 2018


Chắc hẳn các bạn cũng biết các từ "flight", "tour", "view"...tuy nhiên, để diễn đạt khả năng sử dụng tiếng Anh trong việc kết hợp với các từ khác để tạo những cụm từ mang nghĩa nhấn mạnh và biểu thị cảm xúc như thế nào?
Những cụm từ dưới đây giúp bạn ăn điểm trong phần speaking cũng như writing.

Part 1: Style questions
Examiner: What kind of holiday do you like?
Answer: I try to avoid tourist trap...I like to get away from it all and I prefer going somewhere off the beaten track. Last year I had the holiday of a lifetime around a two week wildlife safari in Kenya.

Examiner: What do you like to do when you're on holiday?
Answer: I enjoy visiting the local places of interest, I like to go sightseeing and always sign up a guided tours as it's a chance to be shown around and take of my hobbies.

Examiner: Do you have many tourists in your country?
Answer: Yes, we have lots of holiday resorts along the coast that are popular with tourists. Most people come on package holidays and stay in one of the many hotels and self- catering.

Part 2: style task
Describe a beautiful place you one visited. You should say: 
- when you  went to this place
- where it was
- who you went with
and say why you liked it so much

A few years ago I went on a long weekend to Lake District in the UK, it's a very popular  holiday destination in the north of England. I went on my own and had a wonderful time, I stayed in a youth hostel and make some really nice people. But the most memorable thing about the holiday were the breathtaking views and lovely picturesque village, it can get very busy of hordes of tourists so I decided to go out of season in the fall. The weather was fantastic and the shops were full of local crafts, a really great holiday. It's certainly not a kind of the short break for someone looking for a busy nightlife but if you want to relax in the middle of a stunning landscape, I would certainly recommend a  holiday to Lake District.

Part 3: Style questions
Examiner: What do you think has led to the growth in the tourism industry?
Answer: It's much easier and affordable to travel now, nowadays you can get cheap chart - flights or all- in packages to somewhere near or to a far - off destination.

Examiner: How do people tend to choose the destination?
Answer: The Internet was a great source of information and high street travel agents are very popular...that where I like to go to get a holiday brochures for the places i'm interested in.

Examiner: People sometime say flying is the most glamorous form of travel. Do you agree?
Answer: I'm not so sure really... flying can be quite boring ...queuing up at the check in desk ...going through passport control...sitting for ages in the departure lounges ...then the flight itself can be quite uncomfortable i'm not sure agree.


  1. tourist trap: a place that attracts lots of tourists and where food, drink, entertainment  is more expensive than normal, nơi bóc lột khách du lịch.
  2. to get away from it all: to take a holiday to escape a busy or stressful lifestyle: cách xa, trốn đi đâu đó để thoát khỏi cuộc sống bận rộn hay mệt mỏi, xả trét
  3. off the beaten track: not well known: nơi hẻo lánh, không nổi tiếng lắm
  4. holiday of the lifetime: a special holiday that you are unlikely to repeat: kỳ nghỉ đặc biệt trong đời
  5. wildlife safari: a holiday, often in Africa, to observe wild animals: thiên nhiên hoang dã
  6. places of interest: sites of interest to tourists: những điểm tham quan
  7. to go sightseeing: to look around tourist sites: tham quan, ngắm cảnh
  8. guided tours: an organised groups shown around a place of interest by an expert, chuyến du dịch có hướng dẫn viên
  9. holiday resort: a place where lots of people go for holiday. nơi mà nhiều khách đến đỏ để nghỉ dưỡng, hay còn gọi là khu nghỉ dưỡng
  10. all - in package / package holiday: a holiday where you purchase the travel and accommodation together: gói kỳ nghỉ du lịch ( giá cả cố định, bao gồm cả ăn ở, vận chuyển...)
  11. self- catering: a holiday where you supply your own food, ăn uống tự do
  12. holiday destination: where you go for holiday, điểm đến du lịch
  13. youth hostel: a cheap form of accommodation: nhà trọ dành cho du khách trẻ, thanh niên
  14. breathtaking views: an extremely beautiful view: cảnh đẹp ngoạn mục
  15. picturesque villages: a very pretty village: ngôi làng đẹp như tranh
  16. hordes of tourist: crowded of tourist: đông khách du lịch
  17. to go out of season: outside of the main holiday period, trái mùa
  18. local craft: objects produced locally, sản phẩm thủ công do dân địa phương làm
  19. short break: a short holiday, kỳ nghỉ ngắn
  20. stunning landscape: extremely beautiful countryside, phong cảnh miền quê tuyệt vời
  21. charter - flights: a cheaper form of flying than a scheduled flight, chuyến bay dành riêng cho du khách
  22. far- off destination: somewhere a long way away điểm đến xa xôi
  23. travel agent: a shop that specialises in booking holiday.
  24. holiday brochure: a glossy publication with details of holiday packages cuốn sách nhỏ về những kỳ nghỉ
  25. check- in desk:  the place at the airport where you register your flight and deposit your luggage quầy làm thủ tục
  26. departure lounge: where you wait for your flight to be called,  phòng chờ lên máy bay