Wednesday, 7 December 2016

Phrasal Verb on Holiday

So far we've looked at a group of multi-word verbs that come from break. But with so many out there, what's the best way to learn them? Well, one way is to learn words in groups by topic. So, now we're going to do an exercise to practise multi-word verbs related to the theme of travel.

to break up to end a relationship, chia tay
She's just broken up with her boyfriend
to break down (of a car or vehicle) to stop working, ngừng hoạt động, bị hưu, bể bánh... Our car broken down and we had push it off the road.
to break out (here) escape from prison, thoát ra khỏi They broke out of prison and fled the country.
to break in to use force to enter a place, chen vào As she was talking, he suddendly break in, saying 'that's lie'
to break off to separate something from something else, vỡ ra, bẻ vụn He broke off a piece of chocolate
to break off end the relationship, kết thúc, cắt đứt They've broken off their engagement.
to break off to suddenly stop speaking, ngừng She broke off in the middle of a sentence
to check in to arrive at a hotel and register your details, also to give your information at an airport before you fly, làm thủ tục Passenger are requested to check in two hours before the flight.
to check out to pay the bill and leave a hotel, rời khỏi We check out at 5pm to catch a 7pm flight. 
to pick someone up to collect someone from a place, đón I pick my son up from school
to see someone off to go to a place that someone is leaving from to say goodbye, đưa tiễn My parent saw me off at the airport
to take off (of a plane) to leave the ground, cất cánh The flight will take off at 3pm
to touch down (of a plane) after flying, to touch the ground again, chạm xuống, đáp xuống mặt đất One of the plane 's tyres burst on touch down.
to set off to begin a journey, bắt đầu khởi hànhwhat time do we set off tomorrow? 
to head off to start a journey or leave a place, khởi hànhwhat time you are heading off?
to get in (of a plane or train) to arrive, đến nơi  what time did you get in last night?
to go away to leave your home in order to spend time somewhere, rời khỏi, đi du lịch, kế hoạch đi du lịch We usually go away for the summer.
to get away to go somewhere to rest,  đi đâu đó nghỉ ngơi I just need to get away for a few days 
to wind down (hoặc unwind) relax, nghỉ ngơi A glass of wine in the evening help me to wind down after work 
to kick back to stop doing things and relax, tạm dừng công việc để nghỉ ngơi what good is life if a guy can't kick back and watch a movie?
to chill out to relax completely nghỉ ngơi, xả trét I just chilling out in the front of TV
to hang/wait around

to stay in a place and do nothing while you wait for someone to arrive or something to happen , chờ đợi We spend the whole day waiting around for something excited to happen but nothing did.
to show someone around

to go with someone to all parts, hướng dẫn du lịch Let's me know when you 're coming to Cambridge and I'll show you around.
to polish/ brush up

to rub or brush an object to make it shine, đánh bóng, chải chuốt I try to polish up my language skill before I travel
to soak up

to enjoy the effect or experience of something, ngâm mình, đấm mình I love to lie on the beach and soak up the sun.
to while away

to spend time in a relax way, trong thời gian nghỉ nghơi, relax  I just knit a lot when I was a pregnant just to while away the time.
to eat out

to eat in restaurant, ăn nhà hàng When I lived in Spain, I used to eat out all the time.
indulge in

to allow yourself or another person to have something enjoyable, xả láng, nuông chiều, thỏa mãn I love champagne but I don't often indulge myself.
round off

to complete an event or holiday, kết thúc chuyến hành trình I rounded the meal off with chocolate and rum cake.
to stay on

to continue to be in a place, job or school, ở lại I decided to stay on at university to do further to research.
Phần này sẽ giúp các bạn dễ hiểu hơn về cách sử dụng các phrasal Verbs
August is a month for holidays in many countries, so I thought it would be nice to look at some phrasal verbs and other multi-word verbs connected with going on holiday. (By the way, holiday is a British English word – Americans take vacations.)
One very simple phrasal verb connected with holidays is go away. If we ask someone ‘Are you going away this summer?’, we are asking about their holiday plans; it is not a general enquiry about them going somewhere. We use get away in a similar way:
I hope to get away for a few days soon.
Lots of people lead busy lives, and a holiday is a chance to wind down(relax). Other, rather informal phrasal verbs for relaxing are kick back and chill out. If we have a job, we take some time off.
When we begin our holiday, we set off on the journey to get there. We can also use head off:
They headed off for a week in the sun.
If you travel by plane, you have to check in online or at the airport. You often have to hang around or wait around at the airport, which can be boring, but once the plane takes off (leaves the ground), you are on your way. When the plane lands, we can say it touches down. We use get in/into to talk about a train, bus or ship arriving somewhere:
What time does the train get in?
The ferry gets into Dover at 17:30.
When you arrive at your holiday destination, you will probably check into your hotel. Then you might go and check out the neighbourhood, and maybe even hire a guide to show you around. One great thing about travel is meeting new people, so if you are going abroad, you might try to polish up or brush up (on) your language skills before you go.
Some people enjoy staying active and like to pack a lot into their holidays (do lots of things), while others prefer to laze around, just soaking up(experiencing) the atmosphere or taking in (looking at) the view. You might choose to while away (spend lazily) your days wandering round a lovely old town, or soaking up the sun on the beach.
Holidays are a time when we are kind to ourselves – for example we probably eat out (have meals in restaurants) more than we do at home, and we might indulge in rich foods that we normally avoid. We might treat ourselves to a particularly enjoyable experience in order to round off the holiday (finish it in a good way), though if we enjoy ourselves too much, we may be tempted to stay on (not go home when we intended to)!
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